Learn More About  the Different Types of Benzodiazepines

different types of benzodiazepines

Side Effects of Different Types of Benzodiazepines

There are more than 15 different types of Benzodiazepines available. They exist to treat a wide variety of both psychological and physical maladies based on dosage and implications. Of these, alprazolam (Xanax) and diazapem (Valium) were created to enter the brain most quickly and therefore have the potential to make the user the most high.

Here are some of the more widely used and abused types:

Clonazepam (Klonopin):

Seventies/eighties-era rock star Stevie Nicks has been a passionate critic of Clonazepam. She calls it “a horrible, dangerous drug.” The drug is recommended to be used for short periods of time only. Under a doctor’s supervision, Stevie took it for eight years. By her admission, withdrawal felt like “somebody opened up a door and pushed me into hell.” A drug often used to treat panic disorder and certain types of seizure disorders, difficulty sleeping, and alcohol withdrawal. It’s common side effects include  drowsiness, dizziness weakness, dry mouth, and diarrhea. Klonopin is longer-acting and and has less withdrawal risk than others in the Benzodiazepine category.

Temazepam (Restoril)

Developed in the 1960s as a short-term treatment for insomnia, it is a powerful tranquilizer. Common street names are the knockout drop, date rape drug, tams, Vitamin T, terminators, and mind eraser, it appears frequently in drug-related crimes of violence. Its common side effects include confusion, clumsiness, chronic drowsiness, impaired learning, memory and motor functions, as well as euphoria, dizziness, and amnesia. Temazepam has been used by both the KGB and the CIA to aid in interrogations and in research of mind control, brainwashing and social engineering.

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Called the “crack cocaine of the Benzodiazepines,” it is the single most prescribed psychiatric drug in the United States. Alprazolam goes to work very quickly and because of its short half-life it doesn’t linger in the body for long hours like Valium. According to some research, the benzo in this form now accounts for as many as 60% of all hospital admissions for drug addiction. The drug is used to treat anxiety disorders, depression, and even PMS.

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Described  as “like eating booze,” Lorazepam can cause a euphoric high which makes it popular for abuse. Because of its addictiveness, Lorazepam is only prescribed over short periods of time and in small doses. Lorazepam is most dangerous when mixed with other central nervous system depressants such as narcotics or alcohol. These drugs heighten the effect of Lorazepam and can make overdosing easier. When mixed with these substances, Benzodiazepines can cause trouble breathing or loss of consciousness.

Diazepam (Valium)

AKA Vs, foofoo, Howards (Howard Hughes was a notorious user): Among its uses in treating anxiety, insomnia, and seizures, Diazepam is also used for alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, and restless leg syndrome. It’s used to cause memory loss during certain medical procedures. Common side effects include sleepiness. and trouble with coordination. Serious side effects, while rare, include suicide and decreased breathing.

Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

AKA downers, bennies, blue bombs, or L: Chlordiazepoxide is a fast acting sedative used for management of anxiety and panic disorders or the short-term relief of anxiety symptoms, anxiety before surgery, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Because Chlordiazepoxide drastically suppresses the brain’s nervous system it can cause a brisk, heroin-like high followed by prolonged sedation. Side effects include confusion, nausea, difficulty breathing, impaired coordination, mood swings, drowsiness, and muscle spasms.

Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)

AKA R2, forget-me pill, roofies, rope, roche: Considered one of the “date rape” drugs, what makes Flunitrazepam so effective is its ability to act in a very short time. It’s effects are often described as “paralyzing.” A person can become so incapacitated that they collapse with their eyes open. As a tranquilizer Flunitrazepam is about 10 times more potent than Valium. Abusers will crush the pills and snort the powder, sprinkle it on marijuana and smoke it, dissolve in a drink or inject it. The most worrying side effect of Flunitrazepam is that it can easily be administered without the victim’s knowledge making lengthy sexual assaults possible leaving the victim with no memory of the events afterwards. Other side effects include hallucinations, vertigo, skin rashes, and stomach problems.

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